Resource List

 

 

{tab= A }

Abbasi, AA et al. "Experimental zinc deficiency in man: Effect on testicular function. Journal of Laboratory Clinical Medicine 96(3):544-50, 1980.

Abraham, GE and MM Lubran. "Serum and red cell magnesium levels in patients with premenstrual tension". American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 34:(11)2364-66, 1981.

Abraham, GE. "Primary dysmenorrhea". Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology 21(1):139-45, 1978.

Albanese, AA et al. "Osteoporosis: Effects of calcium". American Family Physician 18(4):160-67, 1978.

Alexander, J.,et al. Midwifery Practice Core Topics 2. London: Macmillan Press Ltd.,1997.

Alfiere, Rosemarie Gionta. "Natural Options for Fertility." Let's Live Vol. 67, Issue 5. May, 1999.

Ali, E. et al. Natural Remedies and Supplements. Niagara Falls: Ages Publication, 2000.

Ali, Elvis, George Grant, Salim Nakka, Don Patel, and Ken Vegotsky. The Tea Tree Oil Bible: Your Essential Guide for Health & Home Uses. Niagara Falls: AGES Publications, 1999.

Alun-Jones, VA et al. "Food intolerance and the irritable bowel". Lancet 2:633, 1983).

_______. "Food intolerance: A major factor in the pathogenesis of irritable bowel syndrome:. Lancet 2:1115-7, 1982).

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Fourth Edition (DSM-IVTM). Washington: American Psychiatric Association, 1994.

Angus, RM et al. "Dietary intake and bone mineral density". Bone Mineral 4(3):265-78, 1988.

Baker, H. Clinical Dermatology, 4th ed. Toronto: Baillière Tindall, 1989.

 

{tab= B }

Balch, James F. and Phyllis A. Balch. Prescription For Nutritional Healing, Second Edition. Garden City Park: Avery Publishing Group, 1997.

Barau, E and C Dupont. "Modifications of intestinal permeability during food provocation procedures in pediatric irritable bowel syndrome". Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology. 11(1):72-77, 1990.

Barton-Wright, EC and WA Elliott. "The pantothenic acid metabolism of rheumatoid arthritis". Lancet 2:862-63, 1963.

Bartram, Thomas. Encyclopedia of Herbal Medicine, First Edition. Dorset: Grace Publishers, 1995.

Bates, CJ et al. "Vitamins, iron, and physical work." Lancet 2:313-14, 1989.

Beers, Mark H. and Robert Berkow, eds. The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy: Seventeenth Edition. Whitehouse Station: Merck Research Laboratories, 1999.

Bellenir, K. Diabetes Source Book. Omnigraphics, Inc., USA. 1999.

Bennett, V.R., and Brown, L.K. Myles Textbook for Midwifery, 12th Edition. London: Longman Group U.K. Ltd., 1993.

Bjorneboe, A et al. "Effect of dietary supplementation with eicosapentaenoic acid in the treatment of atopic dermatitis." British Journal of Dermatology 117(4):463-69, 1987.

Bleau, G et al. "Semen selenium and human fertility". Fertility and Sterility 42(6):890-94, 1984.

Blue Book 2000: The Directory of Community Services in Toronto. Toronto: Community Information Toronto, 2000.

Blue Book 1999: The Directory of Community Services in Toronto. Toronto: Community Information Toronto, 1999.

Blue Book 1998: The Directory of Community Services in Toronto. Toronto: Community Information Toronto, 1998.

Boericke, W. Pocket Manual of Homoeopathic Materia Medica and Repertory. New Delhi: B. Jain Publishers PVT Limited, 1996.

Bradley, B. The New Baby and Childcare Guide Reference Encyclopedia. Toronto: Family Communications Inc., 1995.

Brock, T.D., M.T. Madigan, J.M. Martinko, and J. Parker. Biology of Microorganisms. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1994.

Brostoff, J and GK Scadding. "Complexes in food induced arthralgia". Paper presented at the XII International Congress of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. Washington, DC, October, 1985.

Brush, MG et al. "Abnormal essential fatty acid levels in plasma of women with premenstrual syndrome". American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 150(4):363-66, 1984.

Bucca, C et al. "Effect of vitamin C on histamine bronchial responsiveness of patients with allergic rhinitis". Annals of Allergy 65:311-14, 1990.

Buetler, E et al. "Iron therapy in chronically fatigued non-anemic women: A double blind study." Annals of International Medicine 52:378, 1960.

Bullentine, Rudolph. Diet and Nutrition: A Holistic Approach. Honesdale: Himalayan International Institute, 1989.

Burch, E. and J. Sachs. Natural Healing for the Pregnant Woman. New York: Berkley Publishing Group, 1997.

Butterworth, et al. "Effect of asparagine, glutamine and insulin on cerebral amino acid neurotransmitters." Journal of Canadian Scientific Neurology 7(4):447-50, 1980.

 

{tab= C }

Calhoun, NR et al. "The effects of zinc on ectopic bone formation". Oral Surgery 39:698-706, 1975.

Canadian Dairy Products. Nourishing, Naturally. Montreal, 1999

Carmel, R et al. "Iron deficiency occurs frequently in patients with pernicious anemia." Journal of the American Medical Association 257(8):1081-83, 1987.

Cassileth, Barrie R. The Alternative Medicine Handbook: The Complete Reference Guide to Alternative and Complementary Therapies. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1999.

Castleman, Michael. The Healing Herbs. New York: Bantam Books, 1991.

Chaitow, Leon. Thorson's Guide to Amino Acids. London: HarperCollins Publishers, 1991.

Challem, J. "Beating breast cancer". Let's Live 67(10). 1999.

_______. "Beating breast cancer". Let's Live 67(10): 41-43. 1999.

_______. "NAC Your Best Cold and Flu Defense". Let's Live 66(10). 1998.

Chapuy, M et al. "Calcium and vitamin D supplements: Effect on calcium metabolism in elderly people". American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 46:324-28, 1987.

Chausmer, A.B. "Zinc, insulin and diabetes". Journal of the American College of Nutrition 17(2): 109-115. 1998.

Cheraskin, E. "How quickly does diet make for change: A study in gingival inflammation". New York Journal of Dentistry 58(4):133-5, 1988.

Chiasson, J., et al. "The STOP-NIDDM trial: An international study on the efficacy of an a-glucosidase inhibitor to prevent type 2 diabetes in a population with impaired blucose tolerance: rational, desigh, and preliminary screening data". Diabetes Care 21(10): 1720-1725. 1998.

Childers, NF. "A relationship of arthritis to the solanaceae (nightshades)". Journal of International Academy of Preventative Medicine November 192, pp. 31-7.

Chiras, Daniel D. Human Biology: Health, Homeostasis, And The Environment. St. Paul: West Publishing Company, 1991.

Christensen, L. "Psychological distress and diet - effects of sucrose and caffeine." Journal of Applied Nutrition 40(1):44-50, 1988.

Clayman, Charles B. The American Medical Association Encyclopedia of Medicine. New York: Random House, 1989.

Clemetson, CA. "Histamine and ascorbic acid in human blood". Journal of Nutrition 110(4):662-68, 2980.

Cohen, N., Haberstam, M., et. al. "Oral Vanadyl Sulfate Improves Hepatic and Peripheral Insulin Sensitivity in Patients with Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus". Journal of Clinical Investigation 95: 2501-2509. 1995.

Colburn, Theo, Dianne Dumanoski, and John Peterson Myers. Our Stolen Future. New York: The Penguin Group, 1997.

Collins, EB and P Hardt. "Inhibition of candida albicans by lactobacillus acidophilus". Journal of Dairy Science 63:830-32, 1980.

Columbu, Franco. The Body Builder's Nutrition Book. Chicago: Contemporary Books Inc., 1985.

Cooper, Kenneth. The Antioxidant Revolution. Vancouver: Thomas Neilson Publishers, 1994.

Craze, Richard. Feng Shui for Beginners. Reading, U.K.: Hodder & Staughton, 1994.

Cummings, Stephen and Dana Ullman. Everybody's Guide to Homeopathic Medicines. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1991.

Cunningham, J.J. "Micronutrients as Nutriceutical Interventions in Diabetes Mellitus". Journal of the American College of Nutrition 17(1): 7-10. 1998.

 

{tab= D }

Darlington, LG et al. "Placebo-controlled, blind study of dietary manipulation therapy in rheumatoid arthritis". Lancet 1:236-8, 1986.

Davidson, M.B. Diabetes Mellitus: Diagnosis and Treatment, 3rd ed. Churchill Livingstone, New York. 1991.

Davis, Patricia. Aromatherapy: An A-Z. England: The C.W. Daniel Company Limited, 1988.

Dawson, DW, and AH Sawers. "Infertility and folate deficiency. Case reports". British Journal of Obstetrician and Gynaecology 89:768-80, 1982.

Dawson, EB et al. "Effect of ascorbic acid on male fertility". Annals of New York Academy of Science 498:312-23, 1987.

Dawson, EB and WJ McGanity. "Protection of maternal iron stores in pregnancy." Journal of Reproductive Medicine. 32(6 Suppl.):478-87, 1987.

Dawson-Hughes B. "Calcium supplementation and bone loss: a review of controlled clinical trials". American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 54:274-80S, 1991.

Demitrack, M.A. "Chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia: dilemmas in diagnosis and clinical management". The Psychiatric Clinics of North America 21(3): 671-693. 1998.

Denman, AM et al. "Joint complains and food allergic disorders". Annals of Allergy 51:260-3, 1983.

Diamond, J et al. Definitive Guide to Breast Cancer. Tiburon: Future Medicine Publishing Inc., 1997.

Douglass, J et al. "Effects of a raw food diet on hypertension and obesity". South Medical Journal 78(7):n 841. 1985.

Doyle, W et al. "The association between maternal diet and birth dimensions." Journal of Nutritional Medicine 1:9-17, 1990.

Driskell, JA et al. "Effectiveness of pyridoxine hydrochloride treatment on carpal tunnel patients." Nutrition Report International 34:1031-40, 1986.

Dröge, W and E. Holm. "Role of cysteine and glutathione in HIV infection and other diseases associated with muscle wasting and immunological dysfunction". The FASEB Journal 11: 1077-1089. 1997.

Duke, J.A. The Green Pharmacy. Pennsylvania: Rodale Press, 1997.

Duke, James. Green Pharmacy. Rodale Press, 1997.

Dykman, K.D. et al. "The effect of nutritional supplements on the symptoms of fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome". Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science 33(1): 61-71. 1998.

 

{tab= E }

Eisenberg, A., H.E. Murkoff, and S.E. Hathaway. What to Expect the First Year. New York: Workman Publishing, 1996.

"11 Super Foods to Eat Right Now." Vegetarian Times. December, 1998.

Elliott, R.B. et al. "Type 1 (insulin-dependant) diabetes mellitus and cow milk casein variant consumption". Diabetologia 42: 292-296. 1999.

Ellis J, et al. "Clinical results of a cross-over treatment with pyridoxine and placebo of the carpal tunnel syndrome." America Journal of Clinical Nutrition 32:2040-6, 1979.

Ellis, JM and J Presley. Vitamin B6: The Doctor's Report. New York: Harper & Row, 1973.

Ellis, JM and K Folkers. "Clinical aspects of treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome with vitamin B6." Annals of N Y Academy of Science 585:302-20, 1990.

Enkin, M., et al. A Guide to Effective Care in Pregnancy and Childbirth. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

 

{tab= F }

Fahn, S. "An open trial of high-dosage antioxidants in early Parkinson's disease". American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 53:380S-1S, 1991.

Feng Shui for Modern Living. Britain.

Field, T. et al. "Chronic fatigue syndrome: massage therapy effects on depression and somatic symptoms in chronic fatigue syndrome. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome 3: 43-51. 1997.

Folkers, K and T. Watanabe. "Bioenergetics in clinical medicine. X. Survey of the adjunctive use of coenzyme Q with oral therapy in treating periodontal disease". Journal of Medicine 8(5):333-48, 1977.

Folkers, K et al. "Biochemical evidence for a deficiency of vitamin B6 in the carpal tunnel syndrome based on a crossover clinical study." Proceedings National Academy of Science USA 75(7):3410-2, 1978.

_______. "Enzymology of the response of the carpal tunnel syndrome to riboflavin and to combined riboflavin and pyridoxine." Proceedings National Academy of Science USA 81(22):7076-8, 1984.

Fontana-Klaiber, H and B Hogg. "Therapeutic effects of magnesium in dysmenorrhea". Schweiz Rundsch Medical Praxis 79(16):491-4, 1990.

Forsyth, L.M. et al. "Therapeutic effects of oral NADH on the symptoms of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome". Annals of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology 82:185-191. 1999.

Fortner, BR Jr et al. "The effect of ascorbic acid on cutaneous and nasal response to histamine and allergen". Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 69(6):484-488, 1982.

Foster, Steven and James A. Duke. Peterson Field Guides: Eastern/Central Medicinal Plants. Boston: Houghton Miflin Company, 1990.

Fox, G.N., Sabovic, Z. "Chromium Picolinate Supplementation for Diabetes Mellitus". The Journal of Family Practice 46(1): 83-86. 1998.

Freedman, BJ. "A diet free from additives in the management of allergic disease". Clinical Allergy 7:417-21, 1977.

Fritz, Sandy. Mosby's Fundamentals of Therapeutic Massage. New York: Mosby Year Books, 1995.

Fry, PC et al. "Metabolic response to a pantothenic acid deficient diet in humans" Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology 22:339-46, 1976.

Fuhr, JE et al. "Vitamin B6 levels in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome." Archive of Surgery 124:1329-30, 1989.

 

{tab= G }

Gabbay, S. "Diet for Diabetes". Alive 205: 22-24. 1999.

Garcia, J et al. First Class Delivery. Belmont Press, 1998.

Gelles, Carol. 1000 Vegetarian Recipes. New York: Macmillan, 1996.

Gladstar, R. Herbal Healing for Women. Toronto: Simon and Schuster, 1993.

Glazer, Jennifer. Personal Herbal Compilation. 1999.

Golbe, LI et al. "Case-control study of early life dietary factors in Parkinson's disease". Archive of Neurology 45:1360-53, 1988.

_______. "Follow-up study of early-life protective and risk factors in Parkinson's disease". Movement Disorders 5(1):66-70, 1990.

Goldberg, Burton. Chronic Fatigue, Fibromyalgia & Environmental Illness. Tiburon: Future Medicine Publishing, 1998.

Golding, DN. "Is there an allergic synovitis?" Journal of R. Soc. Medicine 83(5):312-4, 1990.

Goldstein, J.A. Chronic Fatigue Syndromes: The Lymbic Hypothesis. New York: Hawthorn Medical Press, 1993.

Grain Process Enterprises Ltd. Grain Pro Handbook, Ingredients, Recipes and General Information. Issue 3.

Grieve, M. A Modern Herbal, Reprint, Vol. 1 and 2. Twickenham; Tiger Books, 1988.

Grimes, DS. "Refined carbohydrate, smooth-muscle spasm and disease of the colon". Lancet 1:395-97, 1976.

Gursche, Siegfried and Zoltan Rona. Encyclopedia of Natural Healing. Burnaby: Alive Books, 1997.

 

{tab= H }

Haak, E.S., Usadel, K.H. "The effect of a-lipoic acid on the neurovascular reflex arc in patients with diabetic neuropathy assessed by capillary microscopy". Microvascular Reasearch 58(1): 28-34. 1999.

Hadaday, Letha. Asian Health Secrets. New York: Crown Publishers Inc., 1996.

Haglund, B., Selinus, O., et al. "Evidence of a relationship between childhood-onset type 1 diabetes and low groundwater concentration of zinc". Diabetes Care 19(8): 873-875. 1996.

Harris, SB and AC Macawlay. "Taking on diabetes: family doctors on the front lines of the battle against diabetes". Canadian Family Physician 44: 2345-2346. 1998.

Hasnas, Rachelle. The Essence of Bach Flowers: Traditional and Transpersonal Use and Practice. Freedom: The Crossing Press, 1999.

Heine, R.J. "Current therapeutic options in type 2 diabetes". European Journal of Clinical Investigation 29(Suppl. 2): 17-20. 1999.

Herbalgram, The Journal of The American Botanical Counsel. #45, 1999.

Herberg, S et al. "Iron and folacin status of pregnant women: Relationships with dietary intakes." Nutrition Report International 35(5):915-30, 1987.

Hernandez-Avila, M et al. "Caffeine, moderate alcohol intake, and risk of fractures of the hip and forearm in middle-aged women". American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 54:157-63, 1991.

Hobbs, Christopher. Medicinal Mushrooms: An Exploration of Tradition, Healing, and Culture. Santa Cruz: Botanica Press, 1995.

Hodnett, E.D. "Continuity of caregivers during pregnancy and childbirth (Cochrane Review)". The Cochrane Library, Issue 2. Oxford: Update Software, 1998.

_______. "Home-like versus conventional institutional settings for birth (Cochrane Review)". The Cochrane Library, Issue 4. Oxford: Update Software, 1999.

Hoffman, DR and PP Kozak. "Shared and specific allergens in mold extracts". Journal of Allergy Clinical Immunology 63:213, 1979,

Hoffman, David. The Herbal Handbook. Rochester: Healing Arts Press, 1987.

Holey, Elizabeth and Eileen Cook. Therapeutic Massage. Toronto: W.B. Saunders Company, 1997.

Holl, MG and LH Allen. "Sucrose ingestion, insulin response, and mineral metabolism in humans". Journal of Nutrition 117(7):1229-33, 1987.

Holti, G. "Candida allergy, in Winner & Hurley, Eds". Symposium on Candida Infections. Edinburgh: Livingstone Publishers, 1966.

Honkanen, VEA et al. "Plasma zinc and copper concentrations in rheumatoid arthritis: influence of dietary factors and disease activity". American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 54:1082-6, 1991.

Horowitz, BJ et al. "Sugar chromatography studies in recurrent Candida vulvovaginitis". Journal of Reproductive Medicine 29(7):441-43, 1984.

Hudson, Tori and Christine Northrup. Women's Encyclopedia of Natural Medicine: Alternative Therapies and Integrative Medicine. Keats Publishing, 1999.

Hughes, JR et al. "Caffeine self-administration, withdrawal, and adverse effects among coffee drinkers". Archive of General Psychiatry 48:611-17, 1991.

Hyde, B.M. et al. The Clinical and Scientific Basis of Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. USA: The Nightingale Research Foundation, 1992.

Hyemer, R.P. "The facts on fibromyalgia". Let's Live Feb:22. 1999.

 

{tab= I }

Ingram, Jay. "Giardia: A venerable gut enemy." in The Toronto Star - F8, October 8, 2000.

 

{tab= J }

James, J and RP Warren. "An assessment of the role of candidia albicans and food yeast in chronic urticaria". Br Journal of Dermatology 84:227-37, 1971.

Jameson, S et al. "Pain relief and selenium balance in patients with connective tissue disease and osteoarthrosis: A double-blind selenium tocopherol supplementation study". Nutritional Resource Suppl 1:391-97, 1985.

Janeway, C.A. and P. Travers. Immunobiology: The Immune System in Health and Disease. New York: Garland Publishing Inc., 1994.

Janowitz. Henry, D. Good Food For Bad Stomachs. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Jayson, M. I. V. Back Pain: The Facts. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Jouanny, Jacques. The Essential of Homeopathic Materia Medica. Boiron: Laboratories Boiron, 1984.

 

{tab= K }

Kamimura, M. "Anti-inflammatory activity of vitamin E". Journal of Vitaminology 18(4):204-9, 1972.

Kasdan, ML and C Janes. "Carpal tunnel syndrome and vitamin B6." Plastic Reconstructive Surgery79(3):156-62, 1987.

Kaufman, WF. "The diet and acne." Letter. Archive of Dermatology 119(4):276, 1983.

Kellow, JF et al. "Dysmotility of the small intestine in irritable bowel syndrome". Gut 29(9):1236-43, 1988.

Kendall, KE and PP Schnurr. "The effects of vitamin B6 supplementation on premenstrual symptoms". Obstetrics and Gynecology 90(2):145-49, 1987.

Kennedy, David. How To Save Your Teeth. Delaware: Health Action Press, 1993.

Kent, J.T. Lectures on Materia Medica. New Delhi: B. Jain Publishers (P) Limited, 1996.

_______. Repertory of the Homoeopathic Materia Medica CA and a Word Index. New Delhi: B. Jain Publishers PVT. Limited, 1995.

Khalsa, Karta Purkh Singh. "Noni: Health Tonic From the Pacific Islands." Let's Live Vol. 67, Issue 8. August 1999.

Knapen, MHJ et al. "The effect of vitamin K supplementation on circulating osteocalcin (bone Gla protein) and urinary calcium excretion". Annals of International Medicine 111:1001-05, 1989.

_______. "Fish-oil fatty acid supplementation in active rheumatoid arthritis. A double-blinded, controlled, crossover study". Annals of International Medicine 106(4):497-503, 1987.

Kremer, JM et al. "Effect of manipulation of dietary fatty acids on clinical manifestations of rheumatoid arthritis". Lancet 1:184-7, 1985.

 

{tab= L }

Lark, Susan M. PMS: Premenstrual Syndrome Self Help Book.

Leslie, R.D.G. Causes of Diabetes: Genetic and Environmental Factors. John Wiley and Sons, Ltd.: Toronto, 1993.

Linday, L.A. "Trivalent chromium and the diabetes prevention program". Medical Hypothesis 49(1): 47-49. 1997.

Lipp, Frank J. Herbalism. Macmillan, 1996.

Lobitz, WC. "The structure and function of the sebaceous glands." Archive of Dermatology 76:162-71, 1957.

Lockie, Andrew. The Family Guide to Homeopathy: Symptoms and Natural Solutions. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1989.

Louis Barnett, reported in Huggins HA. "The influence of calcium in the periodontal patient". Journal of Holistic Medicine 2(1):32-9, 1980.

Loving, Jean E. Massage Therapy: Theory and Practice. Toronto: Prentice Hall Inc, 1999.

Lusson, C. Obstacles to Social Change -- The Legislation of Midwifery in Ontario. Honours Thesis, Trent University. 1994.

Lust, John. The Herb Book. New York: Bantam Books, 1974.

 

{tab= M }

Mabey, Richard. The New Age Herbalist. London: Simon and Schuster, 1988.

Magalini, Sergio I. and Sabina C. Magalini. Dictionary of Medical Syndromes: Fourth Edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott - Raven Publishers, 1997.

Maistro, S.A., M Galizio, and G.S. Connors. Drug Use and Misuse. Toronto: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc., 1991.

Mandell, M and AA Conte. "The role of allergy in arthritis, rheumatism and polysymptomatic cerebral, visceral and somatic disorders: A double blind study". Journal of International Academy of Preventative Medicine July, 1982, pp. 5-16.

Mandell, G.L., R.G. Douglas Jr., and J.E. Bennett. Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, 3rd ed. Livingstone, 1989.

Manku, MS et al. "Reduced levels of prostaglandin precursors in the blood of atopic patients: Defective delta-6-desaturase function as a biochemical basis for atropy." Prostaglandins Leukotrienes Medicine. 9(6):615-28, 1982.

Manning, AP et al. "Wheat fibre and irritable bowel syndrome: A controlled trial". Lancet 2:417, 1977.

Martic, M.C., J. E. Block, S.D. Sanchez, et al. "Menopause without Symptoms: The Endocrinology of Menopause among Rural Mayan Indians." American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 168:1839-45, 1993.

Mbtizvo, MT et al. "Seminal plasma zinc levels in fertile and infertile men". South African Medical Journal 71:266, 1987.

McCarty, M.F. "Exploiting complementary therapeutic strategies for the treatment of type II diabetes and prevention of its complications". Medical Hypothesis 49(2): 143-152. 1997.

Melina, Vesanto, Brenda Davis, and Victoria Harrison. Becoming Vegetarian: The Complete Guide to Adopting A Healthy Vegetarian Diet. Toronto: Macmillan Canada, 1994.

Mindell, Earl. Earl Mindell's Vitamin Bible. New York: Warner Books Inc., 1981.

Moffett, AM et al. "Effect of chocolate in migraine: A double-blind study". Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry 37:445, 1974.

Morrison, Roger. Desktop Guide to Keynotes and Confirmatory Symptoms. Nevada City: Hahnemann Clinic Publishing, 1993.

Mosby's Medical Nursing, & Allied Health Dictionary, Fourth Edition. St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, Inc., 1995.

Moss, Ralph W. Cancer Therapy: The Independent Consumer's Guide to Non-Toxic Treatment & Prevention, 1992.

Mowry, Daniel B. Proven Herbal Blends. New Canaan: Cormorant Books, 1986.

MRC Vitamin Study Research Group. "Prevention of neural tube defects: Results of the Medical Research Council Vitamin Study." Lancet 338:131-7, 1991.

Muenzenberg, KA and W. Koch. "Mineralogic aspects in the treatment of osteoporosis with magnesium. Abstract". Journal of American College of Nutrition 8(5):461, 1989.

Mukherjee, MD et al. "Maternal zinc, iron, folic acid, and protein nutriture and outcome of human pregnancy." American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 40(3):496-507, 1984.

Mulinsky, A et al. "Multivitamin/folic acid supplementation in early pregnancy reduces the prevalence of neural tube defects." Journal of the American Medical Association 262(20:2847-52,1989.

Müller-Lissner, SA. "Effect of wheat bran on weight of stool and gastrointestinal transit time: A meta analysis". British Medical Journal 296:615-17, 1988.

Murray, M. 5-HTP: The Natural Way to Overcome Depression, Obesity, and Insomnia. Toronto: Bantam Books, 1998.

Murray, Michael and Joseph Pizzorno. Encyclopedia of Natural Medicine, Revised Second Edition. Rocklin: Prima Publishing, 1998.

Murray, Michael. Encyclopedia of Nutritional Supplements. Rocklin: Prima Publishing, 1996.

Myers, David G. Psychology, 4th Edition. Michigan: Worth Publishers Inc., 1995.

 

{tab= N }

New England Journal of Medicine, 1998, 339.

Newstrom, Harvey. Nutrients Catalog: Vitamins, Minerals, Amino Acids, Macronutrients -- Beneficial Use, Helpers, Inhibitors, Food Sources, Intake Recommendations, and Symptoms of Over or Under Use. Jefferson: McFarland & Company, Inc., 1993.

Nielsen, FH et al. "Effect of dietary boron on mineral, estrogen, and testosterone metabolism in postmenopausal women". Fed.of the American Society of Exp. Biology 1(5):394-97, 1987.

Northrup, Christiane. Women's Bodies, Women's Wisdom: Creating Physical and Emotional Health and Healing. New York: Bantam Doubleday Dell Publishers, 1998.

Nowell, Dr. Dominion Herbal College Course on Herbology. Vancouver, British Columbia, 1962.

 

{tab= O }

Oakley, A. and Houd, S. Helpers in Childbirth -- Midwifery Today. Hemisphere Publishing Corporation, 1990.

Ody, Penelope. The Complete Medicinal Herbal. New York: DK Publishing, 1993.

Ogle, KA and JD Bullock. "Children with allergic rhinitis and/or bronchial asthma related with elimination diet: A five year follow-up". Annals of Allergy 44:273-8, 1980.

_______. "Food-induced (allergic) arthritis". Arthritis and Rheumatism 29(2):220-26, 1988.

Olsin, Don. Herbal Healing Journey. Victoria: Aquiline Communications, 1998.

 

{tab= P }

Panush, RS et al. "Diet therapy for rheumatoid arthritis". Arthritis and Rheumatism 26:462-71, 1984.

Pastorello, E et al. "Evaluation of allergic etiology in perennial rhinitis". Annals of Allergy 55:854-56, 1985.

Pelikan, Z. "Nasal response to food ingestion challenge. Archive of Otolaryngological Head and Neck Surgery. 114(5):525-30, 1988.

Peters, J.P. et al. "Vitamin B status in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome". Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 92:183-185. 1999.

Petitpierre, M et al. "Irritable bowel syndrome and hypersensitivity to food". Annals of Allergy 54: 538-40, 1985.

Plant, ML. "Drinking in pregnancy and foetal harm: Results from a Scottish prospective study." Midwifery 2(2):81-85, 1986.

Pohit, J et al. "Zinc status of acne vulgaris patients." Journal of Applied Nutrition 37(1):18-25, 1985.

Potterton, David ed. Culpeper's Color Herbal. New York: W. Foulsham & Col., 1983.

Prasad, AS. "Zinc in growth and development and spectrum of human zinc deficiency". Journal of American College of Nutrition 7(5):377-84, 1988.

Puolakka, J et al. "Biochemical and clinical effects of treating the premenstrual syndrome with prostaglandin synthesis precursors". Journal of Reproductive Medicine 39(3):149-53, 1985.

Purves, William K., Gordon H. Orians, and H. Craig Heller. Life: The Science of Biology, Third Edition. Salt Lake City: Sinauer Associates, Inc., 1992.

 

{tab= R }

Randolph, TG. "Fatigue and weakness of allergic origin to be differentiated from 'nervous fatigue' or neurasthenia." Annals of Allergy 3:460, 1945.

Rattray, Fiona S. Massage Therapy: An Approach to Treatments. Toronto: Massage Therapy Texts and Maverick Consultants, 1994.

Ravina, A., Slezak, L., et. al. "Clinical Use of the Trace Element Chromium (III) in the Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus". The Journal of Trace Elements in Experimental Medicine 8:183-190. 1995.

Rees, MC. "Human menstruation and eicosanoids". Reproductive and Fertility Development 2(5):467-76, 1990.

Reilly, DK et al. "On-off effects in Parkinson's disease: a controlled investigation of ascorbic acid therapy". Advanced Neurology 37:51-60, 1983.

Reinhard, P. et al. "Selenium status in fibromyalgia". Toxicology Letters 96-97: 177-180. 1998.

Report of the Task Force on the Implementation of Midwifery in Ontario. Toronto: The Queen's Printer, 1987.

Roberts, Wayne, Rod MacRae, and Lori Stahlbrand. Real Food for a Change. Toronto: Random House of Canada, 1999.

Rodale Books. The Rodale Herb Book. Rodale Press, 1977.

Rogers, S.A. "Calcium-D-glucarate: the newest breast cancer prevention". Let's Live 66(8): 40-45. 1998.

Rossbach, Sarah and Lin Yuin. Living Color: Master Lin Yun´s Guide to Feng Shui and the Art of Color. New York: Kodansha America, 1994.

Rossbach, Sarah. Feng Shui: The Chinese Art of Placement. New York: Penguin Books, 1983.

Rowe, AH. "Allergic fatigue and toxemia". Annals of Allergy 17:9-18, 1959.

Rozee, K. "Proceedings of a Workshop: Chronic Fatigue Syndrome". Canada Diseases Weekly Report (Supplement) 17S1E: 1-31. 1991.

Rubin, P. "Role of diet in treating atopic eczema." Editorial Comment. British Medical Journal 297:1459, 1988.

Rubinoff, AB et al. "Vitamin C and oral health". Journal of the Canadian Dental Association 55(9):705-7, 1989.

 

{tab= S }

Samaranayake, LP et al. "The proteolytic potential of candida albicans in human saliva supplemented with glucose". Journal of Medical Microbiology 17(1):13-22, 1984.

Sampson, HA. "Food hypersensitivty as a pathogenic factor in atopic dermatitis." New England Registry Allergy Proceedings 7(6):511-19, 1986.

_______. "Role of immediate food sensitivity in the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis." Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 71:473-80, 1983.

SanroPietro, Nancy. Feng Shui: Harmony by Design. New York: Berkley Publishing Group, 1996.

Sarkar, S., Pranava, M., and Marita, R. "Demonstration of the hypoblycemic action of momordica charantia in a validated animal model of diabetes". Pharmalogical Research 33(1): 1-4. 1996.

Sauer, G.C. Manual of Skin Diseases, 6th ed. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company, 1991.

Schnaubelt, Kurt. Advanced Aromatherapy. Rochester: Healing Arts Press, 1998.

Schrauzer, GN. "Benefits of natural selenium". Anabolism 7(4):5, 1988.

Schultz, BM, and ML Freedman. "Iron deficiency in the elderly." Baillieres Clinical Haematology 1(2):291-313, 1987.

Schweitzer, JW et al. "Chocolate, beta-phenylethylamine and migraine re-examined". Nature 257:256, 1975.

Seifert, B et al. "Magnesium -- a new therapeutic alternative in primary dysmenorrhea". Zentralbl Gynakol 111(11):755-60, 1989.

Sheehan, J.P. et al. "Effect of high fiber intake in fish oil-treated patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus". The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 66(5): 1183-1187. 1997.

Sheldon, Huntington. Boyd's Introduction To The Study Of Disease, 11th Edition. London: Lea & Febiger, 1992.

Sheretz EF. "Acneform eruption due to megadose vitamins B6 and B12". Cutis 48:19-20, 1991.

Shirlow, MJ and CD Mathers. "A study of caffeine consumption and symptoms: Indigestion, palpitations, tremor, headache and insomnia". International Journal of Epidemiology 14(2):239-48, 1985.

Shroff, F. The New Midwifery. London: Women's Press, 1997.

Simon, Harvey, B. Conquering Heart Disease: New Ways to Live Well Without Drugs or Surgery. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1994

Sinel, Michael S., and Deardorff, William W., and Goldstein, Theodore. Win the Battle Against Back Pain: An Integrated Mind-Body Approach. New York: Dell publishing, 1996.

Skandhan, KP et al. "Semen electrolytes in normal and infertile subjects. II. Zinc". Experientia 34(11):1476-77, 1978.

Smith, Patty. "Homeopathy for Distinct Chapters in Women's Lives." Health Naturally, December/January, 1999.

Solomon, Neil. The Tropical Fruit with 101 Medicinal Uses - Noni Juice, 2nd Edition. 1999

Soto, C.P., Perez, B.L., et al. Prevention of alloxan-induced diabetes mellitus in the rat by silymarin. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 199(2): 125-129. 1998.

Spear, William. Feng Shui Made Easy. San Francisco: Harper Collins, 1995.

Spraycar, M. Stedman's Medical Dictionary 26th ed., Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore. 1995.

Spring, B et al. "Psychobiological effects of carbohydrates." Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 50 Suppl:27-33, 1989.

Stay, Flora Parsa. The Complete Book of Dental Remedies. New York: Avery Publishing Group, 1996.

Stedman's Medical Dictionary, 26th Edition. Baltimore: Williams & Walkins, 1995.

Stein, D. All Women Are Healers. California: The Crossing Press, 1990.

Steinberg, CL. "Vitamin E and collagen in the rheumatic diseases". Annals of N Y Academy of Science 52:380-9, 1949.

Stewart, JCM et al. "Treatment of severe and moderately severe atopic dermatitis with evening primrose oil (Epogram): A multi-centre study" Journal of Nutritional Medicine 2:9-15, 1991.

Strain, JJ. "A reassessment of diet and osteoporosis: Possible role for copper". Medical Hypotheses 27(4):333-38, 1988.

Stransky, M et al. "Treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome with vitamin B6: a double-blind study." South Medical Journal 82(7):841-2, 1989.

Sunshine, W., T, Field et al. "Massage therapy and transcutaneous electrical stimulation effects on fibromyalgia". Journal of Clinical Rheumatology 2: 18-22. 1996.

Sweet, B.R. Mayes Midwifery 12th Edition. London, Harcourt Publishers Limited, 1999.

 

{tab= T }

Tanimura, J. "Studies on arginine supplementation in human semen. Part I: the arginine contents of normal and sterile human semen". Bull Osaka Medical School 13:76-83, 1967.

Tarp, U et al. "Selenium treatment in rheumatoid arthritis". Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology 14(4):364-68, 1985.

The Burton Golden Group, Alternative Medicine: The Definitive Guide. United States: Future Medicine Publishing, 1998.

The Canadian Journal of Herbalism. Vol. XIX #1, #2. Ontario, 1998.

Theisen, S.C. and P.K. Mansfield. "Menopause: Social Construction or Biological Destiny?" Journal of Health Education 24:209-13, 1993.

Tierra, Leslie. The Herbs of Life, 4th Printing. Freedom: The Crossing Press, 1997.

Tierra, Michael. The Way of Chinese Herbs. New York: Pocket Books, 1998.

_______. The Way of Herbs. New York: Pocket Books, 1990.

Tikkiwal, M et al. "Effect of zinc administration on seminal zinc and fertility of oligospermic males". Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 31(1):30-34, 1987.

Toronto Vegetarian Association. Lifelines. May & June 1998. Vol. 12, No. 3.

_______. Lifelines. July & August 1998. Vol. 12, No. 4.

_______. Lifelines. January & February 1999. Vol. 13, No. 1.

Tyson, H., et al. "The re-emergence and professionalization of midwifery in Ontario, Canada." Murphy-Black T ed. Issues in Midwifery. Churchill Livingstone, 1995.

 

{tab= U }

Ullman, Dana. "Homeopathic Alternatives." Let's Live Vol. 67, Issue 3. March, 1999.

Unknown. "Yogurt ingestion decreases candidal vaginitis infection threefold". Infectious Disease News November, 1989, p. 4.

 

{tab= V }

van Dusseldorp, M and MB Katan. "Headache caused by caffeine withdrawal among moderate coffee drinkers switched from ordinary to decaffeinated coffee: a 12 week double blind trial". British Medical Journal 300:1558-9, 1990.

Vander, Arthur, and Sherman, James, and Luciano, Dorothy. Human Physiology: The Mechanisms of Body Function, Seventh Edition. Boston: The McGraw-Hill Companies, 1998.

Veggie Life, August/September 1999, Volume 7, Number 3, Issue 39.

Velussi, M., Cernigoi, A.M., et al. "Long-term (12 months treatment with an anti-oxidant drug (silymarin) is effective on hyperinsulinemia, exogenous insulin need and malondialdehyde levels in cirrhotic diabetic patients". Journal of Hepatology 26(4): 871-879. 1997.

Verma, S., Cam, M.C., McNeil, J.H. "Nutritional Factors that can Favorably Influence the Glucose/Insulin System: Vanadium". Journal of the American College of Nutrition 17(1): 11-18. 1998.

Vertolli, M. "Yarrow medicine: A herb with a rich history of healing". Vitality March: 24-25. 1999.

 

{tab= W }

Walker, WR and DM Keats. "An investigation of the therapeutic value of the 'copper bracelet': Dermal assimilation of copper in arthritic/rheumatoid conditions". Agents Actions 6:454, 1976.

Ward, NI et al. "Elemental factors in human fetal development." Journal of Nutritional Medicine 1:19026, 1990.

Weaver, K. "Magnesium and its role in vascular reactivity and coagulation". Contemporary Nutrition 12(3), 1987.

Webster's II New Riverside Dictionary. New York: Berkley Publishing Group, 1984.

Weinberg, Eg and M Tuchinda. "Allergic tension-fatigue syndrome." Annals of Allergy 31:209-11, 1973.

Weiser, NM in Solomons NW, and IH Rosenberg, Eds. Absorption and Malabsorption of Mineral Nutrients. New York: Alan R. Liss, 1984:15.

Welihinda, J., Arvidson, G., et al. "The insulin-releasing activity of the tropical plant Momordica charantia". Acta Biologica et Medica Germanica 41(12): 1229-1240. 1982.

_______. Nutritional Influences on Illness: A Sourcebook of Clinical Research, Second Edition. Tarzana: Third Line Press Inc., 1993.

Werbach, Melvyn R. Foundations of Nutritional Medicine: A Sourcebook of Clinical Research. Tarzana: Third Line Press Inc., 1997.

Wilcox, G et al. "Oestrogenic effects of plant foods in postmenopausal women". British Medical Journal 301:905-6, 1990.

Wilkinson, EG et al. "Treatment of periodontal and other soft tissue diseases of the oral cavity with coenzyme Q" in Folkers, K and Y Yamamura, Eds. Biomedical and Clinical Aspects of Coenzyme Q. Vol. 1. Amsterdam: Biomedical Press, 1977.

Willard, Terry L. Edible and Medicinal Plants of the Rocky Mountains and Neighbouring Territories. Calgary: Wild Rose College of Natural Healing, 1992.

_______. Reishi Mushroom, Herb of Spiritual Potency and Medicinal Wonder. Washington: Sylvan Press, 1990.

Wilson, Robert A. Feminine Forever. New York: Evans, 1966.

Winterberg, Anita, ed. Foods That Harm, Foods That Heal. London: The Reader's Digest Association Limited, 1997.

Wood, Elizabeth C. Beard's Massage: Principles and Techniques. Toronto: W.B. Saunders Company, 1974

World, M.J. et al. "Alcoholic malnutrition and the small intestine". Alcohol 20(2): 89-124. 1985.

 

{tab= Z }

Zeyin, Shen and Chew Zelin. The Basis of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Boston: Shambala, 1996.

Ziegler, D and Gries, F.A. "a-Lipoic acid in the treatment of diabetic peripheral and cardiac autonomic neuropathy". Diabetes 46(suppl 2): S62-S66. 1997.

Ziegler, D., Schatz, H., et al. "Effects of treatment with the antioxidant a-lipoic acid on cardiac autonomic neuropathy in NIDDM patient: a 4-month randomized controlled multicenter trial (DEKAN study)". Diabetes Care 20(3): 369-373. 1997.

Zukin, Jane. Dairy-Free Cookbook, Second Edition. Rocklin: Prima Health, 1998.

 

{/tabs}

 

 

Glossary

 

{tab= A }


Abscess -- a localized collection of pus surrounded by inflammation.

Acupoints -- see Acupuncture Points.

Acupressure Points -- see Acupuncture Points.

Acupuncture Points -- locations where meridians come close to the skin and are often found in depressions between bones, muscles, or tendons. The points are identified by the abbreviation of its meridian and a specific number.

Adaptogen -- an agent that helps boost resistance to and deal with stress.

Adensine Triphosphate (ATP) -- an essential molecular component of the body that stores energy that is eventually used to power muscle contraction, protein and carbohydrate synthesis, and a number of other processes. Manufactured by mitochondria in cells.

Alterative -- an agent that gradually corrects or alters impure conditions of the body and helps balance body systems by promoting organ homeostasis. Alteratives act to alter the body's metabolism so that tissues can best deal with a range of functions, from nutrition to elimination. Also acts as a blood cleanser.

Analgesic -- an agent that helps alleviate pain.

Anencephaly -- abnormal development of the cranium.

Anthelmintic -- an agent that destroys and expels worms from the digestive system. Also referred to as Vermifuge.

Anti-biotic -- an agent that is produced by a micro-organism and has the capacity to, in low concentration, inhibit or kill, selectively, other micro-organisms.

Anti-catarrhal -- an agent that promotes the removal of excess mucous or catarrh. Used mainly in ear, nose, and throat infections, but has broader applications throughout the body.

Anti-coagulant -- an agent that prevents coagulation.

Anti-emetic -- an agent that reduces the feeling of nausea and help relieve or prevent vomiting. Generally works two ways: settling the digestive process or reducing the vomiting reflex.

Anti-hemorrhagics -- see Astringent.

Anti-inflammatory -- an agent that counteracts or reduces inflammation or its effects, either internally or externally.

Anti-Lithic -- an agent that helps prevent the formation of stones or gravel in the urinary system. Also aids in the removal of those already formed.

Anti-microbial -- an agent that destroys and helps the body resist pathogenic micro-organisms by strengthening the body's internal resistance mechanisms. Anti-microbial agents gently support the natural immune process.

Anti-spasmodic -- an agent that prevents or eases spasms or cramps in the muscles of the body. Anti-spasmodics reduce tension and many are also nervines, often easing physiological tension as well.

Antioxidant -- an agent that attaches to and/or attracts free radicals and facilitates their removal, preventing cellular damage.

Aromatic -- a strong and often pleasant odour typically capable of stimulating the digestive system. The oils from aromatic herbs form the basis of Aromatherapy.

Arrhythmia -- abnormal heart rate or rhythm.

Arteriole -- blood vessel located between an artery and capillary surrounded by smooth muscle. Small arteries.

Arteriosclerosis -- hardening of the arteries.

Artery -- a thick-walled, elastic vessel that carries blood from the heart to arterioles.

Astringent -- an agent that has a binding action on mucous membranes, skin, and other exposed tissue. Also referred to as "styptics" when used to stop external bleeding or "anti-hemorrhagics" for internal bleeding.

Asymptomatic -- without symptoms.

Automatic Behaviour -- performing a task with no memory recall of having done or completed the action.

 

{tab= B }


Bacteriostatic -- an agent that inhibits the growth of bacteria without destruction (bacteriostasis).

Benign Tumour -- an abnormal tissue growth that does not pose any dangers to surround tissue.

Bioavailability -- the degree and rate that a substance is absorbed by the body or made available at the site of physiological activity.

Bioflavonoids -- a group of biologically active flavonoids. Used to promote the absorption of vitamin C. Technically not vitamins, but sometimes referred to as Vitamin P.

Bioidentical Hormones -- see Natural Hormones.

Bitter(s) -- a property associated with many herbs that refers to their predominately bitter taste. It is becoming increasingly apparent that "bitters" have a wide-ranging effect on the body, from appetite stimulation to repairing damage of the gut wall through stimulation of self-repair mechanisms. Bitters are known to aid the liver in detoxification and increase the flow of bile. They also have a regulatory effect upon the hormones secreted by the pancreas that regulate blood sugar, insulin, and glucagon.

Blood-Brain Barrier -- a group of anatomical barriers and transport systems in that help defend and protect the brain against foreign invaders and toxins that may be circulating in the blood stream.

Botulism -- a type of acute, bacterial (Clostridium botulinum) food poisoning primarily associated with damaged or improperly canned foods. The bacterium produces a toxin that inhibits nervous control of muscles.

 

{tab= C }


Cardiac Tonic -- a general classification applied to herbal remedies that have a beneficial action on the heart.

Carminative -- an agent that soothes and settles the gut, easing griping pains and aiding in the removal of gas from the digestive tract. Remedies rich in volatile oils are carminative and their activity stimulates the digestive system to function properly and with ease.

Cataplexy -- the sudden loss of voluntary muscle tone, usually triggered by strong emotions such as fear, anger, or laughter.

Ch'i -- vital energy residing in every being. Pronounced "Chi". Also spelt "Qi".

Cholagogue -- an agent that stimulates the production of bile from the liver. The secretion of bile is necessary for proper absorption and elimination of ingested substances. Cholagogues help ensure a strong and healthy liver.

Climacteric -- the period of change involving menopause (the cessation of menses) and a general change in ovarian function over the course of six to thirteen years.

Circadian rhythm -- a biological clock synchronized with the 24-hour cycle of the day and night.

Coagulation -- blood clotting.

Colic -- a sharp, sudden, abdominal pain.

Collagen -- a protein substance that gives skin its structural integrity.

Counterirritant -- an agent that produces a slight irritation in order to relieve more serious inflammation elsewhere.

 

{tab= D }


Decoction -- a herbal preparation where tea is made by simmering herbs to promote extraction of medicinal qualities. Involves using a plant's bark, bulb, clove, root, or stem in water. Usually a more lengthy process than preparing an infusion.

Demulcent -- an agent rich in mucilage that helps soothe and protect irritated or inflamed mucous membranes. Has an overall soothing effect. When used on the skin, they are referred to as "emollients".

Diaphoretic -- an agent that produces or promotes sweating, aiding the body in waste removal through the skin. Diaphoretics are also of great support to proper kidney function.

Digestive -- an agent that promotes the proper digestion of ingested material.

Diuretic -- an agent that increases the secretion and elimination of urine from the body. Diuretics play an important role in the treatment of most illnesses, as they promote waste removal and inner cleansing of the body.

Duodenum -- the initial portion of the small intestine.

Dysentery -- an infection of the lower intestines that produces pain, fever, and severe diarrhea.

 

{tab= E }


Ectopic Pregnancy -- implantation and development of a fetus at a site other than the uterus.

Elastin -- a protein substance that keeps connective tissues flexible and elastic.

Emesis -- a vomiting episode.

Emetic -- an agent that causes vomiting. A drastic measure that can be useful in some forms of poisoning. NOTE: Vomiting should not be induced when dealing with acidic substances or most acid-based chemicals. You are highly recommended to seek immediate medical attention if treating cases of acute poisoning.

Emmenagogue -- an agent that normalizes and tones the female reproductive system. In its strict sense, "emmenagogue" refers to remedies that stimulate menstrual flow and activity.

Emollient -- an agent that softens, soothes, and protects the skin.

Encephalitis -- inflammation of the brain.

Essential oil -- an extracted, concentrated form of plat material. See also Infusion.

Estrogen Replacement Therapy (ERT) -- the process of supplementing estrone (E1) and estradiol (E2) hormones to compensate for the declining levels that naturally occur during menopuase. Available in oral, transdermal, and vaginal preparations.

Et cetera -- and others especially of the same kind. And so forth.

Excessive Daytime Sleepiness (EDS) -- an irresistible urge to fall asleep. Usually occurs every day, regardless of the amount of sleep obtained at night.

Expectorant -- an agent that facilitates the elimination of one or more fluids from the cardiovascular system. Term usually associated with the release of phlegm and mucous from the lungs and throat.

Extracts -- an extracted, concentrated form of plant material that has been added to alcohol, oil, vodka, or other mediums. Kept in dark glass bottles, away from light and air, to ensure adequate preservation. See also Infusion, Essential Oil.

 

{tab= F }


Febrifuge -- reduces a fever.

Flatulence -- presence of an excessive amount of gas in the digestive tract.

Flavonoid -- a large group of crystalline compounds derived from plants. Used to promote the absorption of vitamins, minerals, and other elements.

Follicle-Stimulating Hormone -- a hormone produced by the pituitary gland that stimulates egg production in the ovaries.

Food Allergy -- a reaction to ingested food whereby the immune system generates one or more antibodies in response.

Food Intolerance -- the inability to digest and process food correctly, usually due to a lack of one more enzymes.

Free radicals -- damaging compounds that can cause cellular damage. Created naturally through digestion but also found in a variety of chemical compounds in air-borne pollutants, fungicides, herbicides, insecticides, pesticides and off-gassing. Free radical damage is part of the aging process.

 

{tab= G }


Gait -- method of foot movement.

Griping -- stomach/bowel cramping and associated pains.

Guaranteed potency -- see Standardized.

 

{tab= H }


Hemoglobin -- the oxygen-carrying component of red blood cells.

Hepatic -- an agent that generally promotes proper liver function -- can tone and strengthen the organ and may also increase the flow of bile.

Hepatoxic -- an agent that can potentially destroy liver cells.

Herxheimer Reaction -- a temporary increase in symptoms. Usually associated with bacterial or viral infections.

Homeostasis -- a situation where bodily organs/systems are balanced, healthy, and functioning normally.

Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) -- involves the supplementation of declining estrogen levels with a pharmaceutical or natural source.

Hydroquinone -- a powerful urinary disinfectant.

Hydrotherapy -- the utilization of water in any form, either internally or externally, to achieve therapeutic benefits in the treatment of illness or maintenance of health.

Hypnagogic Hallucination -- an intense, vivid, realistic dream that occurs when falling asleep or awakening. Occasionally difficult to distinguish from reality and may be accompanied by frightening sounds or feelings.

Hypnotic -- an agent that induces a deep, healing state of sleep. NOTE: Hypnotic herbs are of a separate category/technique from "hypnotic trances".

Hypercholestrolemia -- a condition of high blood cholesterol levels.

 

{tab= I }


Immunoglobulin -- Ig. Proteins that are antibodies and antibody-like receptors on B cells. Five classes: IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG, IgM.

Implantation Bleeding -- occurs when the blood supply from the uterine lining extends into the fertilized egg to provide nourishment.

Infusion -- a herbal preparation where tea is made by steeping plant material in hot water. Involves using a plant's berries/fruit, flowers, or leaves. Usually a shorter process than preparing a decoction.

Interferon -- a family of proteins that non-specifically inhibit viral replication inside host cells. Interferon-gamma stimulates the destructive, killing power of macrophages.

Ischemia -- reduced blood flow.

Isoflavones -- natural estrogens that help balance hormone levels, especially in women. Found in a variety of herbs and foods. Believed to have anti-cancer properties.

 

{tab= K }


Ketosis -- an abnormal bodily state where the body burns fat for energy in the absence of carbohydrates. A survival mechanism designed to keep the central nervous system functioning in the absence of carbohydrate stores and potential starvation. Can be brought about by a high protein intake.

 

{tab= L }


Laxative -- an agent that actively stimulates the bowels to promote movements. NOTE: Laxatives are not for long term use.

Leucocytes -- white blood cells that help fight infection.

Lipotropic -- an agent that helps prevent excess fat accumulation in the liver, supports fat and carbohydrate metabolism in the liver, and controls blood sugar levels.

Local Points -- acupuncture points near pain or tension.

Luteinizing Hormone -- a hormone produced by the pituitary gland that stimulates egg production in the ovaries.

Luteotropic -- an agent that stimulates the secretion of progesterone.

 

{tab= M }


Malignant Tumour -- an abnormal tissue growth that invades surrounding tissue and spreads to other, often distant, parts of the body.

Melanin -- a natural protective pigment that gives skin its colour.

Melanocytes -- pigment-producing skin cells.

Meningitis -- inflammation of the covering of the brain and spinal cord

Menopause -- a period in the female life cycle characterized by the cessation of menses. Usually occurs around fifty years of age.

Meridians -- channels or pathways in the body that facilitate the flow of qi (pronounced "Chi"), or life force. Also referred to as jing luo.

Mitochondria -- an organelle found in all cells that carries out energy production.

Monoamine -- a class of neurotransmitters with a specific structure. Excludes peptides and amino acids.

Monosaccharide -- a carbohydrate comprised of one sugar molecular and generally contains five or six carbon atoms.

Mucilage -- a sticky, adhesive substance.

Mucilaginous -- having sticky, adhesive properties.

Mucin -- A layer of mucous lining the stomach and duodenum.

Myelitis -- infection of the spinal cord or bone marrow

Myocarditis -- inflammation of the heart muscles.

 

{tab= N }


Natural Hormones -- hormones that exactly match those of the human body.

Nervine -- an agent that has a beneficial effect on the nervous system. Further classified as "nervine relaxants", which help relieve symptoms of stress and tension, "nervine stimulants", used for short term use as direct stimulants on the nervous system, and "nervine tonics", which generally strengthen and promote the repair of the nervous system.

Niacin flush -- a dilation of blood vessels resulting in redness and tingling around joints, certain muscles and other portions of the body, and increased warmth.

Nits -- Greyish white lice eggs that fasten themselves to human hair. Difficult to see.

Neurotransmitter -- a chemical messenger that carries impulses between nerve cells, e.g., serotonin.

 

{tab= P }


Panic attack -- a natural, involuntary, "fight or flight" response where the body prepares to deal with an extreme situation such as an assault, an accident, or natural disaster. Results in heightened levels of adrenaline and other hormones allowing the body to increase reaction time and improve short-term strength and endurance. Metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins make more energy available for the body to use.

Papule -- a small, inflamed, congested spot on the skin. Pimple.

Pectoral -- refers to a remedy that is beneficial to the lungs. It is a very old term, but still very applicable today. Alternatively referred to as remedies that "strengthen a weak chest".

Peptide -- a protein molecule composed of less than fifty amino acids.

Perimenopause -- refers to the years leading up to the last menstrual period and marks the beginning of an irregular menstrual cycle.

Phagocytosis -- a natural process where white blood cells engulf and destroy bacteria.

Phytoestrogen -- An estrogen-like compound that binds to estrogen-receptor sites, resulting in a weaker effect and/or reducing the more powerful effects of naturally-occurring estrogen.

Polysaccharide -- a large carbohydrate formed by the linking of monosaccharide sub-units.

Prostaglandins -- hormone-like substances that act as neuronal messengers in the body, facilitating proper nervous system, immune system, and cardiovascular function. Also protect against heart disease, cancer, and arthritis.

Proteolytic -- an agent that breaks down protein.

Purgative -- a vigorously acting laxative.

 

{tab= Q }


Qi -- vital energy residing in every being. Pronounced "Chi". Also spelt "ch'i".

 

{tab= R }


Relaxation Response -- the exact opposite of the stress response.

Retinol Equivalent -- a measure of vitamin A activity. Refers to the quantity of retinol the body will obtain from a food containing preformed retinol or its precursor, beta-carotene.

Rubifacient -- an agent that, when applied topically (to the skin), causes a gentle and localized increase in surface blood flow (vasodilatation). Usually expressed by a reddening of the area.

 

{tab= S }


Sedative -- an agent that induces a calming effect on the nervous system. Soothes and reduces nervousness, distress, irritation, or stress throughout the body.

Sleep Paralysis -- the inability to move or talk for approximately one minute. Occurs when waking up or falling asleep.

Spina Bifida -- abnormal spinal cord development in the fetus.

Standardized -- a pharmaceutical term used to guarantee a certain percentage of a specific/active ingredient in a laboratory preparation. Also referred to as "guaranteed potency".

Stimulant -- an agent that quickens, excites, or stimulates the activity of physiological processes of the body. Most natural stimulants will assist in carrying a normal amount of blood to all parts of the body and will tend to normalize circulation or restore balance to the circulatory system.

Stomachic -- an agent that stimulates, tones, or strengthens the stomach.

Stress Response -- a series of biological changes in the body resulting from one or more stressors.

Stressors -- physical, chemical, emotional, or personal triggers that cause stress.

Styptics -- see Astringent.

Subluxation -- a misalignment of the vertebrae of the spinal column.

Substance P -- one of a number of neuropeptides. A neurotransmitter that relays sensory information, particularly pain, to the brain.

Sulfites -- a type of preservative used to prevent food spoilage. Often found in beer, wine, and dried fruit.

Synovium -- the slippery sheath encasing the carpal tunnel that contains bones, nine tendons, and the median nerve.

 

{tab= T }


Tincture -- a herbal preparation where plant material is suspended in alcohol, vodka, or water for three weeks to six months. Once finished, any solid material is removed from the resulting extract and then used for the desired purpose. Kept in dark glass bottles away from heat and light to ensure proper preservation.

Tonic -- an agent that strengthens, tones, or invigorates organs, systems, or the body as a whole, improving function and health.

Traction -- sustained pressure. A stretching or lengthening of the spine to relieve spinal misalignment.

Transdermal -- through the skin.

Trigger Points -- acupuncture points that do not appear directly related to the pain or tension in question.

Tripeptide -- a protein molecule (peptide) formed from three amino acids, e.g., glutathione.

Trygliceride -- a compound made of three fatty acids and glycerol. Triglycerides are the main type of dietary lipid (fat) and are also the form that fat is stored in the body.

Tumour -- an abnormal tissue growth that serves no useful function in the body.

 

{tab= U }


Urushiol -- the thick, oily substance present in the resin emitted from the leaves, flowers, fruit, stem, bark, and roots of poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac.

Uvula -- the fleshy, cone-shaped projection hanging from the top of the mouth above the back of the tongue.

 

{tab= V }


Vasodilation -- an increase in blood-vessel diameter resulting from smooth-muscle vascular relaxation.

Vesicle -- a serum-filled blister.

Villi -- finger-like projections located in the small intestine.

Viscera -- the internal organs of the body, particularly those within the thorax and abdomen.

Vulunery -- an agent that promotes the healing of cuts, wounds, or inflammation. Most often associated with herbs for skin healing but also applies to remedies for internal wounds, such as stomach ulcers, et cetera.

 

{/tabs}

 

 

Units

°C -- Degrees Celsius

°F -- Degrees Fahrenheit

g -- Gram

mg -- Milligram

mcg -- Microgram

mg/dL -- Milligram per Decalitre

mmol/L -- Millimoles per Litre

 

L -- Litre

mL -- Millilitre

oz -- Ounce

tblsp -- Tablespoon

tsp -- Teaspoon

gdu -- Gelatin-Dissolving Unit

mcu -- Milk-Clotting Unit

   

 

 

Conversions

 

For Vitamin A:

1 IU = 0.3mcg RE (retinol equivalent)
1 RE = 3.33 IU
 

For Vitamin D:

1 IU = .025mcg (cholecalciferol)
1 mcg = 40 IU
 

For Vitamin E:

1 IU = .667mg a-TE (tocopherol equivalents)
1mg a-TE = 1.5 IU
 

 

 

Meridians

B -- Bladder

CV -- Conception Vessel (Channel)

GB -- Gallbladder

GV -- Governing Vessel (Channel)

H -- Heart

K -- Kidney

LI -- Large Intestine

LU -- Lung

LV -- Liver

P -- Pericardium

SI -- Small Intestine

SP -- Spleen

ST -- Stomach

TW -- Triple Warmer